We all know that diet plays an important role in maintaining a healthy body. A poor diet is the main cause of heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, and obesity. Therefore, eating a balanced and healthy diet is essential.
What is Nutrition?
Nutrition is the study of food that examines the nutritional content of food and how our body utilizes those nutrients. The six categories of nutrients include carbohydrates and fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, and water. The food we eat should include a mixture of all these nutrients. The proper diet is the only requirement to staying healthy, or in simpler terms, to sustain the life system.
There are various kinds of nutrients found in food. They include:
For a healthy body, we need all of these essential nutrients. Proteins, carbohydrates, and fats are necessary for creating strong muscles and energy. Minerals and vitamins help us fight against various illnesses and keep the body well.
Water is also essential. Foods are divided into categories like dairy, meat, fruits, and vegetables because they contain the same essential nutrients. For instance, dairy provides our protein and calcium, while the group of fruits provides a rich source of vitamin C. Make sure you choose a variety of food items so that they keep you healthy.
What is a Healthy Nutritious diet?
Green vegetables, fresh fruits, raw nuts (like almonds, walnuts, cashews), raw seeds (like sunflower, pumpkin, sesame), grains (like oats, barley, wheat), legumes, oil having fats, animal products make a healthy diet.
What is the importance of Nutrition?
The secret behind why nutrition is so important to people lies in its word – nutrition is derived from nutrients. Nutrients are the beneficial things we can get from food that we require to nourish ourselves, take care of ourselves, and keep us healthy and happy.
In terms of science, it is the source of food we require as a living organism to nourish our cells and keep them healthy. There are many sources of nutrients, such as products like vitamins, but when we speak of nutrition, we typically refer to the nutrients we receive from food items.
What are Micronutrients?
Vitamins and minerals are two forms of micronutrients. Although they are only required in small quantities, they play crucial functions in the development of humans and well-being. This includes the control of metabolism, heartbeat, cellular pH, and the density of bone. A lack of micronutrients could result in a slower growth rate for children and increase the risk of various illnesses in adulthood. In the absence of proper intake of micronutrients, people can develop illnesses like Rickets (lack of vitamins) and scurvy (lack of vitamin C), and osteoporosis (lack of calcium).
Types of Micronutrients
Vitamins can be found in two types: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins can be easily lost through the body’s fluids and must be replenished daily. These water-soluble vitamins comprise B-complex, and Vitamin C. Vitamins B6 and B12 are among the most popular B-complex vitamins. Since they do not disappear like their more water-soluble peers.
Minerals can also be found in two forms: microminerals as well as microminerals.
Macrominerals are required in larger quantities and include the following:
Microminerals are required only in trace amounts and comprise the following:
If you consume too much food, it results in obesity. If you consume large quantities of specific nutrients, typically nutrients and minerals, then it damages your health. So, always take a balanced diet.